Teachers & Group Leaders

Bridges and Tunnels

Key Stage 2

Introduction

During this interactive workshop we will assume the role of canal engineers and explore the geography of the local area with reference to how the growth of the canals and the structures along them helped to shape the landscape the see today. Children will work in groups to dig a tunnel through sand castle in order to discover the importance of strength in a structure and look at beams and arches, using our interactive exhibit to discover the importance of the arch. Finally, the children will work in pairs to build their own mini arches to take back to school and look at different types of bridges.

National Curriculum

Maths

  • Draw 2-D shapes and make 3-D shapes using modelling materials; recognise 3-D shapes in different orientations and describe them (Y3)
  • Identify lines of symmetry in 2-D shapes presented in different orientations (Y4)
  • Complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry (Y4)
  • Recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes, including making nets (Y6)

Science

  • Explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object (Y5)
  • Identify lines of symmetry in 2-D shapes presented in different orientations (Y4)
  • Complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry (Y4)
  • Recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes, including making nets (Y6)

Learning Objectives

  • To introduce the word 'engineer' and explain what it means
  • To be able to classify the simplest forms of bridge
  • To understand how these bridges are built
  • To understand the importance of three dimensional shape in constructing bridges
  • To understand the reasons for the construction of the canals
  • To understand how the tunnel was constructed

Differentiation

The delivery of this session can be adapted to a range of abilities – please notify the Education Officer of any specific needs.